It appears that Fibonacci was the first person in Europe to represent a real number in a place value system: he wrote a root of the equation

as

.

Atomic objects, structures and concepts of mathematics

Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | August 14, 2014
## Fibonacci

It appears that Fibonacci was the first person in Europe to represent a real number in a place value system: he wrote a root of the equation

as

.

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | August 13, 2014
## This is what I call numeracy

From Vasily Grossman‘s notebooks published in A Writer at War, pp. 161-162, an entry about the Red Army infantry fighting off Luftwaffe in Stalingrad:

The brains of the Red Army have finally turned to to the anti-tank rifle … [using] a cart wheel, fastened to a picket and rotating through 360 [degrees]. […]

Battalion Commander Captain Ilgachkin had a problem: he never could manage to hit an aircraft with a rifle. He made theoretical calculations of the speed of bullet from an anti-tank rifle (one thousand meters per second), made a table, supplemented it with information on whether an aircraft is moving towards the firing point or away from it. Having made this table, he hit the aircraft immediately. After that, he fastened a stake in the ground, made an axle, put a wheel on it and they attached an anti-tank rifle to the spokes.

These “theoretical calculations” were made under shell fire in trenches of Stalingrad…

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | July 20, 2014
## Mathematics: The Most Misunderstood Subject

A post by Robert Lewis. Much recommended.

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | July 14, 2014
## Calling a spade a spade: Mathematics in the new pattern of division of labour

My new preprint:

Calling a spade a spade: Mathematics in the new pattern of division of labour.

From Introduction:

I argue that new patterns of division of labour have dramatically changed the nature and role of mathematical skills needed for the labour force and correspondingly changed the place of mathematics in popular culture and in the mainstream education. The forces that drive these changes come from the tension between the ever deepening specialisation of labour and ever increasing length of specialised training required for jobs at the increasingly sharp cutting edge of technology.

Unfortunately these deeper socio-economic origins of the current systemic crisis of mathematics education are not clearly spelt out, neither in cultural studies nor, even more worryingly, in the education policy discourse; at the best, they are only euphemistically hinted at.

This paper is an attempt to describe the socio-economic landscape of mathematics education without resorting to euphemisms.

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | July 8, 2014
## Shen: Foundations of probability theory and Kolmogorov complexity

Alexander Shen, Основания теории вероятностей и колмогоровская сложность.

(Foundations of probability theory and Kolmogorov complexity).

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | May 16, 2014
## Growing neural connections

“In the experiment, 288 community-college students enrolled in developmental math were randomly assigned, at the beginning of the semester, to read one of two articles. The control group read a generic article about the brain. The treatment group read an article that laid out the scientific evidence against the entity theory of intelligence. “When people learn and practice new ways of doing algebra or statistics,” the article explained, “it can grow their brains — even if they haven’t done well in math in the past.” After reading the article, the students wrote a mentoring letter to future students explaining its key points. The whole exercise took 30 minutes, and there was no follow-up of any kind. But at the end of the semester, 20 percent of the students in the control group had dropped out of developmental math, compared with just 9 percent of the treatment group. In other words, a half-hour online intervention, done at almost no cost, had apparently cut the community-college math dropout rate by more than half.”

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | February 2, 2014
## Tricky PreK Math

A curious blog about mathematics for preschoolers: Tricky PreK Math. Worth following.

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | February 1, 2014
## V. A. Uspensky: Mathematics belongs to Humanities

Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | January 14, 2014
## Give childhood back to children

An article by Peter Gray in The Independent. Full title:* Give childhood back to children: if we want our offspring to have happy, productive and moral lives, we must allow more time for play, not less.*

A quote:

I’m lucky. I grew up in the United States in the 1950s, at the tail end of what the historian Howard Chudacoff refers to as the “golden age” of children’s free play. The need for child labour had declined greatly, decades earlier, and adults had not yet begun to take away the freedom that children had gained.

It tantalisingly hints at a possibility of analysis of socio-economic undercurrents that “take away the freedom that children had gained”.

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Posted by: **Alexandre Borovik** | October 27, 2013
## Self-referential sayings

Students in my class raised the issue of self-referential paradoxes, and the old classics came to my mind:

“Now is not the time for sound-bites. I can feel the hand of history on

my shoulder”.

(Tony Blair on TV, arriving in Belfast for the final stage of the Northern Irish negotiations, 8 April 1998

The most fantastic thing is that it was not a slip of tongue, it was written by Tony Blair a day before, as could be seen from Alistair Campbell diaries:

Tuesday, April 7, 1998

Mitchell finally tabled his paper around midnight . . . On the plane (to Belfast) we went through the paper in some detail . . . TB [Tony Blair] was a bit fed up with it because he and Bertie had not actually negotiated all this, but Mitchell insisted it was all in there . . . I drafted a few lines, but he pretty much did his own thing. This is not a time for sound bites but I feel the hand of history upon my shoulder.

Hell of a sound bite.

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