Posted by: Alexandre Borovik | June 15, 2013

The origin of the Russian tradition in mathematics education

Surprise surprise, it appears to be Leonard Euler’s “Universal Arithmetic”, written by him in St Petersburg and published there in 1768 in Russian translation produced by his students:

Universal_Arithmetic

It clearly set out standards of quality of mathematical content and enshrined the propaedeutics principle so visible in the Russian tradition: a textbook was supposed to be a stepping stone to further more advanced study.

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